Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)

School Name

Donna and Allan Lansing School of Nursing and Health Sciences



Major Advisor

Dr. Ta'Neka Lindsay

Second Advisor

Dr. Gary Petiprin

Third Advisor

Dr. Liz Ulanowski



Traumatic brain injury (TBI) has been considered a silent epidemic. The symptoms post-injury can be pervasive and impact individuals physically, emotionally, and socially. It also creates a financial burden on the individual and society. Finally, it can be challenging to the family and caregivers of these individuals because navigating the healthcare needs can be problematic. An enriched neurorehabilitation program may improve the quality of life and outcomes of the individual with TBI. The diagnosis of anxiety has been found to be a major factor that influences the prognosis. Cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) and pharmacology can assist in the management of anxiety. Massage therapy is an additional modality that may work to decrease anxiety in individuals diagnosed with TBI. This project reviews massage therapy for the efficacy in the treatment of anxiety in a neurorehabilitation program.

Keywords: brain injury, anxiety, massage therapy